High Efficiency Bidirectional Multicell Active Balancer Maximizes Capacity Recovery in Series-Connected Battery StacksLinear Technology Corporation announces the LTC3300-1, a high efficiency bidirectional multicell battery balancer for equalizing cell state of charge (SoC) in a series-connected battery stack. With the LTC3300-1, applications such as electric vehicles (EVs), plug-in hybrid EVs and large energy storage systems using cells with mismatched capacities are no longer limited by the lowest capacity cell in the stack.
The LTC3300-1 goes beyond purely dissipative passive balancing solutions, enhancing battery performance by efficiently transferring charge to or from adjacent cells in order to bring mismatched cells into SoC balance within the stack. By redistributing charge throughout the stack, the LTC3300-1 compensates for lost capacity due to the weakest cells, enabling faster charging and extending the run time and usable lifetime of the battery stack.
The LTC3300-1 is a key component in a high performance battery management system (BMS) for series-connected Li-Ion or LiFePO4 batteries. The device operates as a fault-protected controller IC for transformer-based bidirectional active balancing. The part utilizes a nonisolated bidirectional synchronous flyback topology to balance up to 6 series-connected cells. Charge can be transferred between a selected cell and 12 or more adjacent cells. All balancers can operate independently and simultaneously with charge/discharge currents up to 10A. Bidirectional operation and simultaneous balancing minimizes the time required to equalize stack SoC, and the parts’ high transfer efficiency (up to 92%) enables high current balancing with minimal power dissipation.
Control of each balancer is provided via a unique level-shifting SPI-compatible serial interface which enables multiple LTC3300-1 devices to be connected in series, without optocouplers or isolators. The part’s stackable architecture together with interleaved transformer connections enable efficient balancing of every cell in an arbitrarily tall string (>1000V) of series-connected batteries. All associated gate drive circuitry, precision current sensing, fault protection circuitry and a robust serial data interface with built-in watchdog timer and cyclic redundancy check (CRC) data error checking are integrated.